Roof Collapse at Delhi Airport Kills One as Heavy Rain Disrupts Indian Capital

June 28, 2024, was marked by a tragic mishap at the Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi, India, where the roof of Terminal 1 partially collapsed, killing one person and injuring several others. This tragic incident was triggered due to heavy rainfalls that disrupted life in significant ways across the Indian capital. Noting the roof collapse, its effects on flight operations, and the broader effects of the rainfall in Delhi, this article goes on to track the implications for the rapidly expanding Indian aviation sector.

The Incident: Roof Collapse at Terminal 1

Heavier Rainfall and Winds

It was the aftermath of heavy weather that hit New Delhi, causing the roof at Terminal 1 to collapse. According to the Indian Department of Meteorology, within a span of three hours, it rained 148.5 millimeters in the airport area, which is far more than the average rainfall for June. Due to torrential rain and strong winds, the weather became extreme, with the infrastructure unable to bear this sudden development and thus resulting in the tragic collapse.

Details of the fall

It collapsed very early in the morning when part of the canopy and its supporting beam at Terminal 1’s departure area collapsed. One person was reported dead, and eight others were injured and rushed to nearby hospitals for treatment. The entire terminal was evacuated immediately after the event for rescue operations, and an inquiry was ordered into the cause of the collapse.

Immediate Response

India’s Minister of State for Aviation, Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu, said all flight operations at Terminal 1 had been suspended until 2 p.m.:. Flights departing from Terminal 1 were either canceled or relocated to the other two terminals in the airport. The incident caused large-scale disruptions, with at least eight flights canceled and 47 delayed. Full refunds or alternate flight arrangements were offered to passengers whose flights were canceled.

Visuals and Eyewitness Accounts

Television footage and pictures from the scene showed the damage. A taxi was crushed under part of a fallen metal pillar at the front of the terminal, and some 10-12 cars were damaged. Eyewitness accounts of passengers, like Asif Ali—a businessman who missed his morning flight due to flooding and was facing another afternoon cancellation—showcased how much chaos and disruption this incident had caused.

New Delhi’s fate

Flooding at roads, disruption of traffic

The relentless downpour also submerged parts of New Delhi. The drainage system in the city was very inadequate for the cascading waters, resulting in waterlogged conditions at many places, thus drenching a tunnel near the G20 summit venue, among others. Several parts of the city had traffic snarls with vehicles stuck in water, which came up to their thighs amid aggravating scenes for harried commuters.

Structural Damage and Rescue Operations

Apart from the airport, there were reports of structural damage in other parts of Delhi. A wall collapsed in the southwest part of the city with a number of laborers feared trapped in the debris. Rescue operations were launched to locate people and assist. This was spearheaded by Delhi Fire Service, pointing out emergency response nighttime capabilities in the city amidst severe weather conditions.

Metro and Power Disruptions

The deluge also hit metro services, a vital mode of transport for the city’s 20 million people. There were reports of power outages in several areas, complicating matters for residents reeling under the impact of flooding.

Government and public Response

Monsoons Preparedness Review

The Home Ministry of India reacted to this event by announcing a review of Delhi’s preparedness for the monsoons. This will be in conjunction with the local government, as well as weather officials and other concerned authorities, to assess the infrastructure of the city and its response mechanisms so that an incident of this nature does not recur in future.

Public Criticism and Infrastructure Concerns

The incident sparked an outcry from the public and marred Delhi’s infrastructure. Users flooded social media to raise their condemnation of what seems to be bad urban planning and maintenance. While the recent collapse at the airport, coupled with the broader flooding issues, has reignited debates on preparedness by the city, which needs a much more firm stance in combating these extreme weather events now common in this time of climate change.

Implications for India’s Aviation Sector

Fast-Growing Aviation Market

India is one of the fastest-growing aviation markets in the world, with domestic air travel reaching a record 152 million passengers in 2023. At the same time, the country has been rapidly growing its airport infrastructure. The incidents at Delhi and Jabalpur raise questions over the quality and safety of these new developments.

Government and Regulatory Response

Even the Aviation Minister Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu was shielding the efforts made by the government, giving an explanation “the structure that collapsed at Delhi’s airport was a part of the older building from 2009 and not of the newly inaugurated building”. Opposition parties like Congress and CPM are accusing the government of compromising the quality of infrastructure due to corruption and negligence. The politicising of this incident shows the necessity for tight Regulatory Vigil and Quality Assurance in Infra Projects.

Industry Impact and Investor Concerns

The roof collapse and consequent disruptions have immediate financial implications. Shares of GMR Airports Infrastructure, the operator of Delhi International Airport, fell as much as 2.1 percent in early trade. The incident has also drawn attention from international stakeholders such as Frankfurt Airport operator Fraport, which has a 10 percent stake in the Delhi airport. Fraport has stated that it is in close contact with the local authorities to assess the situation and ensure the readiness of the safety measures.

Broader Context: Climate Change and Urban Infrastructure

Climate Change and Extreme Weather

Experts have increasingly cited climate change as the cause of such events. The incessant rains in New Delhi followed severe heatwaves earlier this month that exemplified a form of weather variability that climate scientists have been warning against. This pattern of extreme heat followed by intense rainfall is getting increasingly common, with very important quandaries for urban infrastructure.

Urban Planning and Resilience

The New Delhi and Jabalpur incidents underline the imperative need to harden infrastructure resilience in cities. Urban planning has to factor in the increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events by upgrading drainage systems, strengthening buildings, and ensuring that new constructions are built with enhanced criteria of safety. To this end, the review called for by India’s Home Ministry is appreciated, but long-term measures with investment will have to be initiated.

Public Awareness and Engagement

There is a need to raise public awareness of climate change impacts and resilient infrastructure. This needs to go hand in hand with community engagement in the planning stage and preparations so that the setting up of resilience in infrastructure projects takes into consideration local conditions and requirements. The public’s response in the aftermath of the recent incidents drove the message home of the need for greater transparency and accountability on how urban infrastructure is being developed and managed.


The collapse of Terminal 1 at Indira Gandhi International Airport and the subsequent flooding in New Delhi city become dire reminders of the vulnerabilities in urban infrastructure under changing climate conditions. The incident has gained the overwhelming response from government officials, aviation authorities, and members of the public on the need for robust planning in infrastructure resilience.

The further growth of its aviation sector and urban infrastructure would have to be strictly in conformity with needing driven priority for safety, quality, and resilience to climate changes. The tragedy is replete with lessons—future building for a resilient and sustainable urban environment shall thus stand against the onslaughts of climatic change. Citizens’ safety and well-being find tandem interest in growth and urban developmental discharge in its fast-evolving cities.

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